Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a country located in Central Asia and has no border with the sea.
Pashtun, who lives in Afghanistan, especially in the southern regions, mostly includes Tajik, Hazara and Uzbek peoples. In addition, many people of ethnic origin (for example, Doctors, Turkmen, Nuristanis, Arabs, etc.) whose population does not exceed 5% live in this country.
It is found in Central Asia but is accepted by some sources in the Middle East due to its ethnic and cultural ties. It is surrounded by Pakistan in the east and south, Iran in the west, Turkmenistan in the north, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, and China with a small border in the east.
The Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979 and established a socialist Afghan administration under its control. Local forces reacting to this initiated an armed struggle against the USSR, with the support of Western countries, and have achieved a level of sovereignty in many regions.
Afghanistan started civil war after the occupation of Britain and Russia, respectively, and then continued to exist weakly in the history after America controlled the country. These days, when the traces of westernization in the country are coming to the fore, the time to worry about their future! BASE...
In Afghanistan, which has a very young population, the infant mortality rate is 160.23 deaths per 1000 babies. The average number of children is 6.69 children per 1 woman.
Afghanistan usually has a rough terrain. Extending from the east of the country to the interior of the himalaya mountains, Hindukuş Mountains, Çağay Mountains in the south and Pamir Mountains in the north are the main elevations of the country. The highest point of the country is 7492 m in Hindukuş Mountains. and Nowşak hill.
(1756-1757). Seeing the danger of the expansionist policy exhibited by Iran at the end of the 18th century, Ahmet Şah wanted to act with the Ottoman State in this regard, but he could not get a result from his initiatives. During Timur Shah and Zaman Shah periods, which were under the administration of Afghanistan after Ahmet Şah, the country could not maintain its former magnificence and strength, and internal turmoil began.
In Afghanistan, where the population growth rate is 2.67%, the refugee population also constitutes an important rate. 23.06 of every 1000 people are refugees. This rate includes Iranian refugees. The average age (life) expectation is 43.16 years for men, 43.53 years for women and an average of 43.34 years.
Refugee camp has around 5000 square meters of mudbrick houses with only beds. Turkish peoples in Afghanistan generally consist of Uzbek Uzbeks and Afghanistan Turkmen. Apart from this, there are also some Kyrgyz people in the Pamir region. The majority of Russians during the war Pamir Kyrgyz in Turkey's Van province and is located on the Ulupam name is given to the village where they live. They are livestock and village guards in the region.
The refugees from the Taliban are left in this refugee camp. You witness that the eyes that glow when you smile suddenly freeze. You are fooling yourself, leaving you with a lying smile with a bit of astringency in you ...
The capital city, Kabul, is the largest city in the country; other important cities are Herat in the west, Kandahar in the south and Mezar-ı Şerif in the north. In Afghanistan, where integration at the local and national level is weak, social life has major problems besides geographical barriers. With its literacy rate of around 10 percent, Afghanistan is among the poorest countries in the world in terms of income per capita.
America sells weapons to the Taliban and wins. Their soldiers are protecting the People the Taliban attacked, and they receive salaries starting from 10-15 thousand dollars to 35 thousand dollars. He pays the monthly wages of 15-20 thousand soldiers to Afghanistan by borrowing to America and earns them. Coca Cola is the first factory, consciousness is stolen and gained by westernization.
The education system of Afghanistan is shaped on a staging like 6 + 3 + 3. In this regard, the process that starts with pre-school education (0-3 years and 4-6 years has two stages) continues with a 6-year general education system. This is also supported by general literacy courses. After the 6th grade, education is given in secondary schools with religious education and secondary schools that have adopted the general education curriculum with a dual distinction.
Some families with financial situation in Afghanistan send their children abroad, but unfortunately, they cannot find such a chance for life, although many try to escape.
According to 2005 data in the country, nearly 5 million children were educated in schools. However, the desired efficiency cannot be obtained due to reasons such as low enrollment rate, insufficient teachers and stationery. However, in 2003, around 25,000 students in 8,500 tents benefited from the education service provided in these tents.
Export partners are Pakistan, Iran, Germany, India, United Kingdoms, Belgium, Luxembourg, Czech Republic. With the import amount of $ 3.87 billion with 2005 data, Afghanistan's import products are foreign capital, food and petroleum products, and many consumer goods. Import partners are Pakistan, Iran, Japan, Singapore, India, South Korea and Germany. Its currency is Afghan and the international ISO code is "AFA".